Good morning. We’re covering a school shooting in Texas, Russia’s narrowed focus in Ukraine’s east and diplomacy in Africa.
A group of men embraced at the school’s entrance on Wednesday.Credit…Ivan Pierre Aguirre for The New York Times
A deadly school shooting in Texas
Nineteen children and two teachers were killed on Tuesday in a single classroom at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas. Officers fatally shot the 18-year-old gunman at the scene. Here are live updates.
The gunman also wounded several more children. Before entering the school, he shot his grandmother.
Authorities have identified all the victims. Amerie Jo Garza, 10, was “a jokester, always smiling,” her father said. Eva Mireles, a teacher, “loved those children,” her neighbor said.
Background: The massacre is the second-deadliest school shooting on record in the U.S., only surpassed by the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary in Newtown, Conn., where a gunman killed 20 children and six teachers a decade ago. “I guess it’s something in society we know will happen again, over and over,” a Sandy Hook father said.
National context: The massacre amplified an anguished debate over firearms legislation and the nation’s stupefying record of gun violence. Before the pandemic, the U.S. had more guns than citizens, and the pace of gun buying has risen. So has the toll of gun violence, especially on children.
International context: After the Christchurch massacre, which left 51 people dead in 2019, New Zealand banned most semiautomatic weapons and launched a buyback scheme to get thousands of guns out of circulation. The U.S.’s unique commitment to protecting guns has roots in the backlash to the Civil Rights Movement, Amanda Taub writes in The Interpreter, our sister newsletter.
Russia narrows its focus in the east
Once, Moscow thought it would roll through Ukraine in a matter of days. Now, as the fourth month of the invasion dawns, Russia has concentrated its firepower and shortened supply lines to a 75-mile-wide sliver of land in the Donbas. It is making incremental gains. Here are live updates.
Sievierodonetsk, the easternmost city still under Ukrainian control, is Russia’s main target. Russian forces are approaching from three sides, at least six people have died and Ukrainian officials fear a repeat of the siege tactics used in Mariupol. “Sievierodonetsk is barely alive,” the head of the regional military administration said.
Analysis: Military analysts and Western intelligence officials believe that Russian forces would face brutal urban combat if they tried to fully capture Sievierodonetsk, and that they would struggle to mount an offensive deeper inside Ukraine.
Taiwan: The Biden administration accelerated its efforts to reshape Taiwan’s defense systems, using lessons from Ukraine in how to fend off a larger military. On Wednesday, China’s Army described organizing combat drills in the sea and airspace around Taiwan.
Germany plans to keep its coal plants ready, in case Russia cuts off gas shipments. Europe’s quest to wean itself off Russian energy has put up new obstacles to meeting its climate goals.
Citing the war, Prime Minister Viktor Orban of Hungary declared a “state of emergency,” which allows him to expand his power. He is blocking the E.U.’s proposed oil embargo.
Germany, Ukraine and Africa
Senegal and South Africa were among 16 African countries that abstained from a U.N. vote to condemn Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. These abstentions have caused diplomatic tensions between Africa, Europe and the U.S., which Olaf Scholz tried to repair on his first trip to Africa since becoming the German chancellor.
As he tried to steer conversations toward questions of energy independence, Scholz saw firsthand the reluctance of some African countries to join the West in confronting Russia. The neutrality “could have far-reaching consequences for diplomacy and aid and assistance,” said Liesl Louw-Vaudran, a senior researcher at the Institute for Security Studies, an African think tank.
Senegal: Germany is working to wean itself off Russian gas; Senegal is preparing to develop renewable energy and it recently discovered offshore gas deposits. But President Macky Sall, the chairman of the African Union, put forth a both-sides diplomacy in a joint news conference with Scholz in Dakar, announcing that he would travel to both Moscow and Kyiv on an upcoming trip.
South Africa: Scholz and President Cyril Ramaphosa met with business leaders at the headquarters of the country’s main fuel supplier. Ramaphosa defended his unwillingness to impose sanctions on Russia and called for dialogue between Ukraine and Moscow.
THE LATEST NEWS
North Korea launched a suspected intercontinental ballistic missile and two other ballistic missiles on Wednesday in its 17th rocket test this year.
China is pursuing a sweeping deal with 10 Pacific island nations that would significantly expand its regional influence.
Israel took responsibility for the assassination of an Iranian military officer.
The coronavirus-era parties at Downing Street “represent a serious failure” of judgment, a U.K. investigation found.
Seventy-six migrants were presumed dead after their boat, which departed from Libya, sank off the coast of Tunisia.
Trump-endorsed candidates lost up and down the Georgia primary ballot. Gov. Brian Kemp trounced David Perdue and will face Stacey Abrams in the fall, a rematch from 2018.
The House committee investigating the Jan. 6 riot at the Capitol heard accounts that Donald Trump reacted approvingly to calls to hang Mike Pence, the vice president.
The F.B.I. said that an Iraqi man living in Ohio helped plot to kill former President George W. Bush in retaliation for the U.S. war in Iraq.
A C.D.C. study suggests that more than one in five adult Covid survivors in the U.S. may develop long Covid.
The Biden administration banned the disposal of mining waste in the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska, a major step toward protecting the contested ecosystem.
A Morning Read
A blistering heat wave has devastated India’s beloved mango crop, threatening farmers’ livelihoods and imperiling culinary traditions. “The soul of a farmer shudders at seeing these fruitless trees,” one grower said.
Russia-Ukraine War: Key Developments
On the ground. Moscow’s military has narrowed its focus to a 75-mile-wide sliver of land in the heart of the eastern Donbas region, which has allowed Russian forces to make incremental gains. Russia’s main immediate target remains Sievierodonetsk, the easternmost city still under Ukrainian control.
A global threat. The president of the European Commission accused Moscow of deliberately trying to provoke a global food crisis by targeting grain warehouses, ports and other critical infrastructure in Ukraine, one of the world’s most important food exporters.
NATO expansion. Delegations from Finland and Sweden are in Turkey to meet with officials in an effort to address President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s opposition to the Nordic nations’ bids to join NATO. Ahead of the talks, Turkey made a series of security-related demands of Sweden.
In Asia. China and Russia held their first joint military exercise since Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine, as a show of force as President Biden visited the region. At a news conference in Tokyo, the U.S president indicated that, unlike in Ukraine, he would use military force to defend Taiwan if it were attacked by China.
ARTS AND IDEAS
Love in the stars
Right now, mercury is in retrograde. If that sentence means something to you, you may be suited to the constellation of popular apps that use astrology to map meaning onto relationships. Among them: Ilios, a new dating app that matches users based on their supposed astrological compatibility.
At a recent launch event with college students, interest in the app generally fell along gender lines, Madeleine Aggeler reports. Most of the men knew their zodiac signs but felt indifferent. “I think for a week in seventh grade I was like, ‘Whoa, that’s so me,’” said Luke Anderson, 21, a Pisces. “And then I was like, ‘Oh wait, no, I don’t care.’”
Women tended to appreciate the concept more. “It’s basically like a weird statistic,” said Lexi Brooks, a 23-year-old Aries. — Sanam Yar
PLAY, WATCH, EAT
What to Cook
Doenjang, a Korean fermented soybean paste, both marinates and lacquers this quick salmon dinner.
What to Read
“The Uncollected Essays of Elizabeth Hardwick” gathers the author’s elegant, eccentric ruminations on topics across American life.
This workout will improve your mood.
Now Time to Play
Play today’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: Towel (off) (Three letters).
Here are today’s Wordle and today’s Spelling Bee.
You can find all our puzzles here.
That’s it for today’s briefing. See you next time. — Amelia and Lynsey
P.S. China lifted a Cultural Revolution ban on Shakespeare 45 years ago.
The latest episode of “The Daily” is on the Uvalde school shooting.
Sanam Yar wrote today’s Arts & Ideas. You can reach Amelia, Lynsey and the team at email@example.com.